Let's consider the flipside of this question- Does bullying never occur from teacher to student? Of course, we'd be very naive to think that this would be true. Bullying will inevitably occur at some point in the education system. And we can think of parallels in many other industries- law enforcement, health, retail, finance, rural and so on.
We need to remember that bullying is on a continuum from that which we, as a society deem to be acceptable to that which we don't. For example, once it was deemed appropriate and even encouraged for teachers to use corporal punishment to discipline students. We now deem that to be unacceptable. These days, teachers may use sanctions, such as detention or removal from class to discipline students. Can this be conceived of as bullying? Well, according to the definition that Joe, above has given (which I agree with), then yes it can be. But do we find this acceptable as a society? I'm happy to be wrong here, but I would say the consensus would be that we do.
Where bullying becomes a problem is when it goes beyond in its intensity and its frequency that which society deems to be ok. For example, a teacher who continually singles one child out for berating, put downs and mockery would be bullying in a manner that would be deemed not to be ok. But a teacher who tells a student that they will be given a detention if they don't sit down and behave would be deemed to be acting appropriately, even though they just threatened the student with punishment.
Power imabalances in society do exist, but some of these are sanctioned. The onus is upon those who are given power to know where the limits in exercising and maintaining that power lie.
Returning to the point at which we started, we would be naive to think that there are no teachers who ever get this wrong. In the same manner, there are police, army personnel, nurses, doctors, accountants, lawyers and so on who get it wrong when it comes to managing the power that society has given them.
I agree with Joe, that teachers in the vast majority act very professionally and know the limits. The majority are also skilled at using incentives rather than punishement to elicit desired behaviours.
However, if you do have concerns, the principal should be your first port of call.
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