As an ophthalmologist, I will focus on treatment for wet macular degeneration (AMD), as other answers have already described the role of good diet and vitamin supplements for dry AMD.
Wet macular degeneration can lead to rapid vision loss and so it must be diagnosed and treated as a matter of urgency. Symptoms may include difficulty reading, wavy or distorted vision, or a dark shadow in the centre of your vision that makes recognizing faces or watching TV difficult. Such symptoms can come up quite quickly over days or weeks, and there is no eye pain. Such symptoms must be followed up by urgent retina examination by your optometrist or eye specialst.
As an ophthalmologist and retinal specialist, I commence treatment for wet AMD for my patients on the same day as their diagnosis, because studies have shown that earlier, prompt treatment leads to the best visual outcomes. Treatment can be done safely and comfortably in the eye clinic. Currently available licensed medications such as Lucentis, Eylea and Avastin, can be given comfortably via an eye injection. The doctor will perform the procedure and will explain everything carefully beforehand. Patients do not see or feel the needle in anyway. There is no required rest after treatment and patients are back to their normal activities very quickly.
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