As already stated above, there are many factors involved and it really does come down to the individual. You can be a 'junk food vegan' just like you can be a junk food meat eater. There are plenty of overly processed vegan foods. A vegan could just eat pizza, hot chips, gravy, coke and oreos everyday, so you can see not every vegan is a healthy eater. However the vegan with the healthiest vegan diet will trump a meat eater with the healthiest non vegan diet.
Firstly, dairy causes inflammation and acne, so already eliminating dairy will be a big help. Your friend will likely feel less bloated and 'clogged'. Their body won't block as many nutrients from absorbing once the dairy has cleared out.
Eggs are high in cholestorel, and irritable to digestion, so your friend will likely feel 'cleaner' inside, like switching from leaded to unleaded, and if they have a sensitive tummy, it won't be as upset.
Meat causes high cholestorel, blood pressure, heart disease, diabeted and cancer growth (think about all those added hormones and antibiotics). Meat also dulls the tastebuds, so once your friend cuts out animal products, they will find that those previously nasty vegetables suddenly taste amazing - who knew there were all these subleties and nuances to vegetables? It sounds crazy, but it has to be tried to be believed! They will feel suddenly energized and awake, like they have been numb and drugged before. That leaded vs unleaded metaphor also applies here. It suddenly feels like you are fuelling your body with goodness. Literally.
It is quite common for new vegans to put on a little weight before they figure out the new food pyramid and figure out some new recipes. A lot of new vegans just eat a lot of potatoes as the initial view is excluding something, until they realise there is so much to now include. New vegans need to learn about the vegan food pyramid, which is completely different to the standard diet of meat and three veg. Vegan food is a mix of a wide variety of vegetables (there are literally thousands of varieties!), grains, beans, nuts, seeds, lentils, fruits, and occasionally tofu, tempeh or seitan. If your friend sticks to these items and only rarely treats themselves to vegan treats then they will be off to a good start.
A lot of vegan athletes eat huge servings of food, and graze constantly throughout the day. They also follow the high carb, low fat diet and many vegans have successfully lost weight, built muscle, and maintained it this way, but I would suggest to your friend to focus on figuring out vegan recipes and foods first, and the rest will come with time and self education.
A lot of vegans with PCOS have seen a dramatic improvement through following a healthy vegan diet and exercising regularly. Of course, every individual is different and if your friend is worried at all or needs professional advice they should see a vegan friendly dietician or doctor.
It is also good to note that actually most nutritional deficiences are related to the standard diet, not the vegan diet. Many vegans have seen an improvement in their levels such as iron and even stopped taking iron supplements because their iron levels were so much better on a vegan diet.
If your friend is following a healthy vegan diet, eating a variety of foods, and getting enough calories every day, the only things they need to worry about are B12, which can be supplemented with a simple sublingual spray or capsule, and omega 3 which they will get from flaxseed, chia seed, LSA, or walnuts (a spoonful every day).
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