In a nutshell - water doesn't remove all chemical residue. According to the latest Toxicology reports for Australian produce - the chemial residue is low. But if you were wondering, tomatoes actually hit top of the chart on chemical residue levels, and there was a large gap between tomatoes and the next highest on the list (being celery). So you may want to buy organic tomotoes in future. Having said that, our tomatoes are still within acceptable safety limits.
Taking the skin off fruit and vegetables is one way of further lowering the residue content. Unfortunately, this also takes away the extra fibre and some nutrients out of that food too.
To avoid the high costs of buying organic produce all the time, consider a fruit an vegetable wash mix that does remove more chemical residues than water alone. 1/2 water and 1/2 apple cider vinegar is popular. The recipe we mostly use and recommend is in spray bottle add 2 Tbsp lemon juice or vinegar and 2 Tbsp baking soda into 1 cup of filtered water (don't use tap water). This mixture will foam up a bit. Squirt generously onto your fruit and veg and leave for 3 minutes. Then rinse again with water, pat dry and then store correctly.
This spray bottle solution lasts for 1 week (for most households). However, it's not suitable on some produce like strawberries or mushrooms. If you want to, just do it immediately before use.
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