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  • Q&A with Australian Health Practitioners

    What is Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease?

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    The CJD Support Group Network (CJDSGN) offers support, information and assistance to all Australians affected by Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) or other prion diseases. The CJDSGN … View Profile

    Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) is a rare and fatal degenerative disease in humans. CJD is one of a group of diseases known as transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSE's) or prion disease that affects humans and animals.

    CJD affects 1 to 2 people per million per head of population each year around the world. In Australia there are approximately 35 cases a year.

    Sporadic CJD - no known cause- 85% to 90% of cases.

    Genetic or inherited forms of CJD or other prion diseases - 10% to 15% of cases.

    Acquired forms of CJD are very rare and include:

    • Iatrogenic or medically acquired CJD.
    • Kuru
    • Variant CJD commonly known as Mad Cow disease.

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