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  • Q&A with Australian Health Practitioners

    What are the different types of fitness?

  • Find a professional to answer your question

  • 43


    Matt Tinski

    Exercise Physiologist, Personal Trainer

    Matt offers professional advice for introducing and / or fine tuning exercise for weight loss and has assisted many clients with various chronic illnesses to … View Profile

    Each sport / activity requires some / all of the following to be successful:

    Speed, Agility, Power, Anaerobic Capacity, Aerobic Endurance, Flexibility, Anthropometrics

  • 48


    Sports Medicine Australia is Australia’s peak national umbrella body for sports medicine and sports science, and is widely acknowledged overseas as the world’s leading multi-disciplinary … View Profile

    There are four main types of fitness
    Aerobic endurance
    Your aerobic endurance is your ability to exercise your whole body for a long period of time, at a moderate intensity like jogging. When you are first starting to train and you are not very active start off slowly.
    Anaerobic threshold
    When you reach the anaerobic zone your body can’t supply enough oxygen for your muscles. The muscles have to use stored reserves of fuel and waste products start to accumulate, the main one being lactic acid. The waste products that are accumulated can make your body stiff so it is important to stretch and drink plenty of water to get rid of the lactic acid.
    Muscular strength
    Muscular strength is the capacity of your body’s muscle to generate large amounts of force in a short period of time. To increase your muscle strength you have to concentrate on the muscle you want to make stronger. You can use small weights or resistance bands to improve your strength. Always start off slowly and plan a rest day in between your weight training days.
    Muscular endurance
    Muscular endurance is how long and well your muscles can keep generating force. Having good muscle endurance is crucial for every fitness activity. Like aerobic endurance you have to overload your muscles to increase their endurance. 

  • 16


    John Coleman

    HealthShare Member

    There is ONLY one fitness - the ability to do safely and effectively the activities you desire to do in your daily life.

    To achieve fitness - you need purpose. 

    If your purpose is merely to

    • sit in your car and drive to work,
    • have the strength to lift a BigMac to your mouth and
    • spend your evenings and weekends sitting on the lounge and watching TV
    then it's pretty easy to be FIT - but you still need some muscular strength to get on your feet to get to the fridge and the bathroom occasionally.

    So, John's Law - start with a purpose and then target a mix of aerobic endurance and muscular strength and endurance training to ensure that you are FIT enough to enjoy the activities in life that give you purpose!!

  • 15


    Brad McGregor

    Exercise Physiologist

    Brad is an exercise physiologist specialising in musculoskeletal rehabilitation. Clients include Workcover Qld, Commonwealth Rehabilitation Services and other private insurers. He has worked with athletes … View Profile

    In my opinion fitness is term that is purely dependant upon task. A high-level professional is able to analyse & disect a particular sport &/or activity & identify the specific requirements in the terms of:

    • posture
    • energy system utilisation
    • velocity
    • movement patterns.
    The Australian Strength & Conditioning Association define 4 broad physical capacities:
    1. strength
    2. speed
    3. endurance
    4. flexibility.
    Therein the following subqualtiers are also identified:
    • strength (strength endurance, hypertrophy, speed strength, max strength, control & stability)
    • speed (reaction, acceleration, agility, max speed, speed endurance) 
    • endurance (aerobic, lactic & alactic)
    • flexibility (static, passive, dynamic, PNF, ballistic).

  • 10



    What are the different types of fitness?

  • 10



    What are the different types of fitness?



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