Although menopause itself doesn't cause weight gain, it's essential that you modify your diet and lifestyle to reflect the hormonal changes that occur during menopause, otherwise weight gain can result.
For example: during menopause, your ovaries stop producing estrogen and progesterone (amongst many other hormonal fluctuations). A decrease in progesterone has been shown to lead to an increase in fluid retention, so minimise fluid retention by limiting salt intake. Avoid adding extra salt to meals or your cooking, and limit salty foods such as salted nuts or potato chips.
Although your ovaries stop producing estrogen during menopause, your fat cells will continue to make it! As a result, it is thought that the body works harder to convert excess kilojoules into fat so that your body can continue producing estrogen. So, if you want to avoid weight gain, make sure that you are consuming the correct number of kilojoules that your body requires (your dietitian can calculate this for you). The best way to reduce your kilojoule intake is to limit treat foods which are high in kilojoules and low in nutrition, such as chocolate, lollies, pastries and alcohol.
Obviously, this is just a few examples, but your local dietitian can go through it all in detail with you. Hope this helps!
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