Well, psychotherapy has to do with helping people overcome stress, emotional and relationship problems or troublesome habits, and it aims to increase an individual's sense of his or her own well-being, and empower them to meet life's challenges. Psychology is basically the study of people, how they think, how they act, react, and interact. It can be defined as the scientific study of human behavior.
Big differences are in the training. Although both psychologists and psychotherapists have extensive training, the training in psychology reflects a strong emphasis on the validity of measured and reliable evidence of effective interventions. It's an undergraduate degree with a two-year M.A. over it. Psychotherapy training is aimed at promoting an empathic understanding of and then thinking about people's emotional experience in order to help them understand and think about themselves.
Psychodynamic, or Jungian, and psychoanalytic trainings focus on understanding how the parts of ourselves of which we are not consciously aware affect our daily lives. The really important difference is that while training, psychotherapists are expected, or most commonly required, to undergo their own psychotherapy before and during their training. This may be once weekly, or in the case of Jungian analysis and psychoanalysis, up to five sessions a week for the duration of their training, which may take between four and six years.
Student psychologists are not expected to undergo their own psychotherapy, although some choose to do so. So psychotherapists are expected to know themselves from the inside and to have had the experience that they're offering to their clients, whereas psychologists are not expected to understand themselves at the same level of depth, and nor to understand the therapeutic process from the inside.
Let me think, what else can I say. Oh, yes. Psychologists can specialize in various areas, such as clinical and counseling psychology, industrial psychology, forensic psychology, etc. But psychotherapists are specialists. They're usually mature age people that have prior training. They could be teachers, social workers, or even psychologists. Psychotherapists are specialists in helping their clients understand and learn from their own experience, so that ultimately they can live independent, creative lives.
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