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  • Q&A with Australian Health Practitioners

    What does the high rate of high grade abnormalities mean for young women?

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  • Prof Jonathan Carter

    Gynaecological Oncologist

    Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, The University of Sydney Head Sydney Gynaecologic Oncology Group, Royal Prince Alfred Hospital Head Gynaecology Services, Sydney South West … View Profile

    Precancer changes of the cervix and cancer are caused by the human papillomavirus. The virus has over 200 types, known as genotypes, 40 of which affect the anogenital tract, 15 cause cervical cancer, but 70% of all cervical cancers are caused by two types. Types 16 and 18. So what it means is that in fact, it is important for women to have pap smears on a regular basis; starting from age 18 to 20, or approximately two years after the commencement of sexual activity.

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