There are essentially four types of orthodontics and orthodontic styles of treatment…
1. Functional appliance orthodontics, where jaw splints and expansion devices are used to help pull several teeth and the bone that surrounds teeth-groups into different positions in children. Quad-helix appliances and Twin-Blocks are examples of such devices.
2. Braces which are brackets and wires that can slightly turn and straighten teeth relative to each other, in order to align, or straighten them. Damon, Begg, and Edgewise are examples of such bracket systems. Every orthodontist has a favourite system.
3. Mouth-guard style appliances, that can move, twist and align teeth, much the same way as brackets and wires, but where the appliances are removable (like a mouth guard). Invisalign is a popular system.
4. Orthodontic surgery is where physical surgery is employed to help straighten, align and intermesh teeth. Surgery can directly help move teeth into new positions, or to attach orthodontic brackets to help extrude impacted teeth by chains and elastics. Orthognathic surgery is also available to dramatically straighten jaws, and achieve balanced bites, often in conjunction with an orthodontist's use of brackets and wires.
To find out more on jaw surgery to correct the various types of dental malocclusion (or bad-bites), visit www.myjawsurgery.com.au
Paul Coceancig @ Profilo Australia
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