Great answer by Mark Brown.
I might also add that sports injuries are more common in the 13-19yrs age group compared to the 5-12yrs age group - this may be due to a number of factors such as: normal maturational changes that occur at puberty, both physical and non-physical; an increase in the competitiveness of sport in the teenage years and/or a change in focus from fun/participation in childhood to competition in adolescence; an increase in the intensity, volume and frequency of sport/training; rule changes - often there is modified rules in childhood and adult rules for adolescents.
In terms of the neuromuscular control that Mark spoke of, it would seem that females may benefit most from these training programs as females generally have poorer nmc as a result of normal maturation compared to males (that does not mean that nmc programs are not important for males too) and it would seem that the ideal time to put in place such a program would be at or around puberty. Females are more at risk of non-contact injuries so the way they move (nmc) is very important in relation to injuries. It is also very important to monitor load in female adolescent athletes as females, maybe due to their nmc, seem to get injured more quickly as the load increases than males.
Adolescent males appear to have more contact related injuries and so training on appropriate collision/landing/going to ground techniques is important and this is part of my contact sport programs. Another aspect of contact related injuries is risk taking behaviour, risk taking is hallmark of adolescence, especially in males. Good game plans where players know their role within the team may help reduce risk taking behaviours. Risk taking behaviour is heightened in stressful situations so we often see it more when your team is losing or coaches/parents are yelling from the sideline, so the interactions between those on the sidelines and players on the field can make a bit difference. The good news is though, that whilst teenage boys do sustain a lot of injuries, they actually do not sustain very many major injuries. From personal experience, we will record many many injuries after a weekend of school sport, mainly to males, and most are completely fine by the Monday.
So males and female becoming increasingly different at puberty, and this leads to different types of injuries and different reasons for injury, so the injury prevention programs should also be different, as should sports training.
As a mum, it is important to be supportive of your child, encourage them to be physically active, encourage a variety of sports, seek professional advice early for any injury, perhaps get your child ‘screened’ at or around puberty for any risk factors, especially to assess neuromuscular control, watch them play, but don't yell from the sideline, ensure the coaches are well qualified, maybe even get your child to keep a basic traiing diary so they can monitor themselves. But always remember, the risk of injury in sport is actually fairly low and the benefits of physical activity and sport far out weighs any risk of injury and not to be physically active places greater risk on your long term health
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