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  • Q&A with Australian Health Practitioners

    What are the signs and symptoms of Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)?

  • Find a professional to answer your question

  • Jean Hailes for Women’s Health is a leader in women’s health, supported by funding from the Australian Government. We provide trusted and easy-to-understand information to … View Profile

    Symptoms may present in many different ways - some women have uncomfortable and sometimes quite distressing symptoms, whilst others have quite mild symptoms. Not everyone with PCOS will have all of the symptoms and very few women will have the same set of symptoms. Symptoms can also change and become more mild or severe, or can disappear and reappear.

    Symptoms can include:

  • Nicole Senior

    Dietitian, Nutritionist

    I'm an Accredited Practising Dietitian and Nutritionist, consultant, author, speaker and food and health enthusiast. I love talking and writing about food and health.(please note, … View Profile

    PCOS is a disorder where testosterone levels are too high and affects 5-10% of Australian women of child bearing age. The underlying cause is thought to be insulin resistance, where insulin, the hormone that controls blood sugar, doesn’t work properly - similarly to type 2 diabetes.

    A diagnosis can be made if your doctor finds any 2 of the following:

    • High testosterone levels
    • Failure to ovulate (release eggs from the ovaries)
    • Polycystic ovaries (visible on ultrasound)

    However, the following symptoms are typical of PCOS, so if you have several of these, talk with your doctor:
    • obesity
    • excess hair growth on the face, chest and stomach
    • difficulty falling pregnant
    • acne
    • male-type baldness
    • irregular or absent periods

  • Arlene is a registered practising dietitian, with a private practice in the Eastern Suburbs of Sydney, and has built a strong business over the last … View Profile

    Polycystic ovary syndrome is a problem in which a woman’s hormones are out of balance. It can cause problems with your periods and make it difficult to get pregnant. PCOS may also cause unwanted changes in the way you look. If it is not treated, over time it can lead to serious health problems, such as diabetes and heart disease. Polycystic ovary syndrome (or PCOS) is common, affecting as many as 1 out of 15 women. Often the symptoms begin in the teen years. Treatment can help control the symptoms and prevent long-term problems.
    Hormones are chemical messengers that trigger many different processes, including growth and energy production. Often, the job of one hormone is to signal the release of another hormone.
    For reasons that are not well understood, in PCOS the hormones get out of balance. One hormone change triggers another, which changes another. For example:

    • The sex hormones get out of balance. Normally, the ovaries make a tiny amount of male sex hormones (androgens). In PCOS, they start making slightly more androgens. This may cause you to stop ovulating, get acne, and grow extra facial and body hair.
    • The body may have a problem using iinsulin, called insulin  resistance. When the body doesn't use insulin well, blood sugar levels  go up. Over time, this increases your chance of getting diabetes.
    Symptoms tend to be mild at first. You may have only a few symptoms or a lot of them. The most common symptoms are:
    • Acne.
    • Weight gain and trouble losing weight.
    • Extra hair on the face and body. Often women get thicker and darker facial hair and more hair on the chest, belly, and back.
    • Thinning hair on the scalp.
    • Irregular periods. Often women with PCOS have fewer than nine periods a year. Some women have no periods. Others have very heavy bleeding.
    • Fertility problems. Many women who have PCOS have trouble getting pregnant.
    • Depression.
    Most women with PCOS grow many small cysts on their ovaries. That is why it is called polycystic ovary syndrome. The cysts are not harmful but lead to hormone imbalances.
    The symptoms of PCOS are caused by changes in hormone levels. There may be one or more causes for the hormone level changes.
    PCOS seems to run in families, so your chance of having it is higher if other women in your family have PCOS, irregular periods, or diabetes. PCOS can be passed down from either your mother's or father's side.
     

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