Please don't be too daunted by your first pap test - the anxiety leading up to it is usually worse than the actual procedure!
Wear comfortable clothing and clothes that are easy to take off. Only the lower part of the body will need to be undressed. It is best not to have it when you have a period as the blood can interfere with the test (and the last thing you want to do is have it repeated later) but if it can't be done at any other time, there are ways to get around it. Please remove any tampons and vaginal devices.
With an experienced doctor, the procedure should be fairly quick. You will be lying down with the lower part of the body undressed but there is usually a cover sheet for dignity. Your legs will need to be bent for access. Sometimes, the doctor may ask you to put your hand into fists to place under your buttocks as this tilts the vagina so the cervix is easier to see. A speculum (a duck-bill shaped instrument) is inserted into the vagina - these days it is usually plastic but if metallic, may be a little cold! With sufficient skill and lubrication, the insertion may be unpleasant but should not be painful. The cervix can sometimes be a little difficult to find - sometimes it is tilted due to stretching of ligaments over time.
A brush is used to collect cells from the cervix - some people feel nothing at all but some people can feel a quick sharp pain that is gone as quickly. Other swabs can be taken if necessary - such as checks for vaginal infection or STIs. The speculum is then removed. You can dress again. You may want to bring a pad in case the lubricant is messy - it is probably best not to use a tampon straight after. Sometimes, the brush causes the cervix to bleed a little - this usually stops by itself and is not a concern. There are not usually restrictions on baths, swimming, exercise or sex after a pap smear. So, yes, unfortunately you can go back to work!
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