Vulval cancer is an uncommon cancer that usually occurs after age 50. It can be associated with preceding conditions such as lichen sclerosis, or as a progression of persistent precancerous changes to the vulva caused by human papilloma virus. Symptoms of Vulval cancer can include itching, burning or colour change to a specific area of the vulva, or a lump, lesion, erosion or ulcer which might bleed or cause a discharge. Sometimes it can be associated with pain in the vulva. Some women do not experience any changes or can assume the symptoms are associated with other causes i.e. menopause etc. It is vital that all women have regular Pap smear tests and an examination of the vulva. (This is done at the time of Pap smear)
Early detection improves chances of successful treatment. Treatment generally involves surgery. Sometimes radiation therapy or chemotherapy may also be required.
Women’s Health Educator
Health Information Line, Women’s Health Queensland Wide
Women living in Queensland can also call our Health Information Line - a free information and referral service for Queensland women - on 3839 9988 or 1800 017 676 (toll free outside Brisbane).
Please note that all health information provided by Women’s Health Queensland Wide is subject to this disclaimer
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