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  • Q&A with Australian Health Practitioners

    What is Sjogren's syndrome?

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    Dr Alexander Lozynsky

    Allergy Specialist & Immunologist

    Consultant allergist and immunologist, with particular interest in allergic rhinitis and sinusitis, allergic respiratory disorders, food allergies and sensitivity and allergic skin conditions, including atopic … View Profile

    Sjogren's syndrome is a chronic autoimmune disorder affecting about two per cent of the population, in which the lacrimal and salivary glands become infiltrated by lymphocytes and plasma cells, resulting in excessively dry eyes (xerophthalmia) and dry mouth (xerostomia). This is often referred to as “sicca complex”.
    By itself it is not very serious, but can be asssociated with other autoimmune disorders, particularly rheumatoid arthritis. It primariy affects females ( F:M ratio of 9:1), in the 40 to 60 age group. It is underdiagnosed and can result in dental problems and difficulty swallowing, which in older people can lead to malnutrition, chronic tiredness and reduced physical activity.

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