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  • Q&A with Australian Health Practitioners

    What is aphasia?

  • Find a professional to answer your question

  • Serving the interests of children and young people with childhood language and related disorders View Profile

    Childhood Aphasia is only one of many terms used to describe a set of language characteristics in children. Language impairment, language disability, language delay, language deviance, Dysphasia and Congenital Aphasia have all been used to describe the same disorder. The most common names used today are Specific Language Impairment or Primary Language Disorder.
    The American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA) defines a language disorder as ‘impaired comprehension and/or use of spoken, written and/or other symbol systems. The disorder may involve (1) the form of language (phonology, morphology, syntax), (2) the content of language (semantics), and/or (3) the function of language in communication (pragmatics) in any combination.

    1.       Form of Language

    • Phonology is the sound system of a language and the rules that govern the sound combinations.
    • Morphology is the system that governs the structure of words and the construction of word forms.
    • Syntax is the system governing the order and combination of words to form sentences, and the relationships among the elements within a sentence.

    2.       Content of Language
    • Semantics is the system that governs the meanings of words and sentences.

    3.       Function of Language
    • Pragmatics is the system that combines the above language components in functional and socially appropriate communication.

  • Nikki Martin

    Speech Pathologist

    I have over 13 years experience in adult Speech Pathology and specialise in voice and swallowing problems/cancers of the face and throat. I work very … View Profile

    Aphasia is defined as the total loss of language- which can either be expressive (talking), receptive (understanding what has been said), reading or writing. In extreme cases, it can be a complete loss of all of those types of language. Dysphasia, on the other hand, is a partial loss of language.

    Nikki Martin
    Speech Pathologist

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