Category 3 is classified as moderate risk and this category is derived from the use of an absolute risk calculator. These numbered categories are used more in the USA rather than in Australia, however they are based on the same thing:
If You HaveYou Are in Category
Heart disease, diabetes, or risk score more than 20%I. High Risk
2 or more risk factors and risk score 10-20%II. Next Highest Risk
2 or more risk factors and risk score less than 10%III. Moderate Risk
0 or 1 risk factorIV. Low-to-Moderate Risk
This calculator is based on cholesterol levels in combination with other risk factors such as blood pressure, age, sex and smoking status. An absolute risk score is an estimate of the risk of having a heart attack in the next 10 years (the percentages in the above table relate to this). You can read more (and calculate your own risk) here http://www.cvdcheck.org.au/
Interestingly, this calculator is based on data from a very large and long term study of the population of Framingham, USA, and is sometimes referred to as the Framingham risk score.
The higher the risk, the more likely a doctor is to prescribe medication to control cholesterol and blood pressure but diet and lifestyle are still critically important no matter what.
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