For people with brain injury and their families, cognitive problems may be one of the greatest barriers to returning to “normal” life. These difficulties, which are sometimes referred to as the "invisible deficits" involve memory, attention, social behavior, safety judgment, and planning and carrying out future actions. They affect a person’s ability to care for him/herself, keep appointments, complete tasks, or interact with people appropriately. This impacts the person’s ability to succeed at work, school, or home. Without treatment for cognitive problems, the long-term effects can be devastating.
Cognitive Rehabilitation Therapy is a broad term used to describe treatments that address the cognitive problems that can arise after a brain injury. Given the wide range of symptoms and severity of cognitive problems in individuals with brain injury, CRT does not refer to a specific approach to treatment.
There is substantial evidence to support interventions for attention, memory, social communication skills, executive function, and for comprehensive-holistic neuropsychologic rehabilitation after TBI. For example, evidence supports visuospatial rehabilitation after right hemisphere stroke, and interventions for aphasia and apraxia after left hemisphere stroke.
See your GP for a referral to a qualified clinical neuropsychologist or clinical psychologist trained in cognitive assessment and brain injury rehabilitation.
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