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  • Q&A with Australian Health Practitioners

    What are the signs of dementia?

  • Find a professional to answer your question

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    Alzheimer’s Australia is the charity for people with dementia and their families and carers. As the peak body, it provides advocacy, support services, education and … View Profile

    The early signs of dementia are very subtle and vague and may not be immediately obvious. Some common symptoms may include:

    • Progressive and frequent memory loss
    • Confusion
    • Personality change
    • Apathy and withdrawal
    • Loss of ability to perform everyday tasks

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    Dr Nicholas Bradfield

    Clinical Neuropsychologist, Psychologist

    Dr Bradfield is a Clinical Neuropsychologist working in private practice and in the public health system in Melbourne, Australia. He has clinical experience conducting neuropsychological … View Profile

    Other signs of dementia may include:

    • Visual or auditory hallucinations
    • Fluctuating cognition
    • Rigid and inflexible behaviours such as rituals and routines
    • Changes in social behaviour such as withdrawal, disinhibition, loss of empathy and impulsivity
    • Difficulties with language
    • Depression, anxiety or irritability
    • Delusions
    • Difficulty recognising objects
    • Placing inedible objects in one's mouth
    It is important to note that these signs can be seen under other circumstances, so their presence does not necessarily imply dementia.

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