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  • Q&A with Australian Health Practitioners

    What causes macular degeneration?

  • Find a professional to answer your question

  • 2


    I have thirty years in private practice as an optometrist at the same location in Leichhardt and have done four postgraduate courses pertaining to Diseases … View Profile

    Macular degeneration is associated with three main risk factors:
    Increasing age (over 50);
    Family history;

    It is a degeneration of the central area of the retina. The central area of the retina is known as the macula which is involved in clear, detailed vision eg fine nearwork and reading small print.  

    Macular degeneration is thought to be caused by an accumulation of metabolic waste-products which damage the retina.

    As well as the three risk factors already mentioned, another two could be sun exposure and diet. Therefore sunglasses are recommended. 

    Regarding diet, the usual recommendations apply, including fish two or three times a week, daily fruit and vegetables, a handful of nuts once or twice a week, low-fat ingredients, more chicken than red meat, and preferably low-GI foods eg wholemeal bread and pasta.


  • 2


    Amrina Panda

    HealthShare Member

    Probably you’ve heard that carrots and all orange-shaded fruits and vegetables are good for eye health and improves vision- of course it is true. Beta carotene- a form of Vitamin A gives orange hue to these food, aids retina and other eye parts to work effectively.

    However, eating your way to better vision isn’t just beta carotene- there is something more. Although their link to vision is not very popular, there are some vitamins and minerals which promotes eye health. Include these five foods in your diet and maintain your peepers in good shape.


    The egg’s yolk is a major source for zeaxanthin and lutein and also zinc that helps prevent the risk of macular degeneration.

    Leafy Greens

    Leafy greens are rich of zeaxanthin and lutein- the antioxidants which researches proved that reduce the chance of cataracts and macular degeneration.


    Almonds are packed with Vitamin E that decelerates macular degeneration. As per studies, one ounce or one handful of Almonds covers about half of the Vitamin E dose you require for a day.

    Citrus And Berries

    The Citrus fruits or berries are power houses for vitamin C- has been known to lower the risk of creating macular degeneration as well as cataracts.

    Fatty fish

    Salmon, anchovies, tuna, trout and mackerel contains high levels of DHA- an essential fatty acid that is found in retina. The low levels of DHA is associated with dry eye syndrome.

    Natural Supplements For Good Vision

    In addition to these foods, you can go for natural supplements which protects macular region of the eye from harmful blue light damage and aids to improve the density of the macular pigment in the eye. Some natural eye care supplements also improves eye vision sharpness.

    Know More about macular degeneration visit

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