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  • Q&A with Australian Health Practitioners

    How do I prevent getting high cholesterol?

  • Find a professional to answer your question

  • 2

    Thanks

    Rebecca Charlotte Reynolds, PhD (Dr Bec) Personable and ethical registered nutritionist (RNutr) and lecturer at UNSW Australia in lifestyle and health. Regular consultant to the … View Profile

    Hi there!

    Here are some ways to prevent high cholesterol:

    :) Dr B
    More here - http://daa.asn.au/for-the-public/smart-eating-for-you/nutrition-a-z/cholesterol/

  • 1

    Thanks

    Arlene is a registered practising dietitian, with a private practice in the Eastern Suburbs of Sydney, and has built a strong business over the last … View Profile

    You can help prevent high cholesterol by:
    Eating a diet low insaturated fat, trans fat, and cholesterol.
    Getting plenty of exercise – I generally suggest 1 hour per day.
    Managing your weight and achieving a weight within the normal range.
    Not smoking.
    Because cholesterol levels tend to increase with age, paying attention to diet and exercise is even more important as you get older. Ensuring you eat plenty of vegetables, salads, fish, nuts, lean meat, and chicken. Omit processed baked good which are full of the “wrong” fats.
    Some people may not be able to prevent high cholesterol with lifestyle changes. Family history or certain conditions that cause the body to make too much cholesterol can raise levels even with lifestyle changes. In these cases, medication is necessary.
    Remember that high cholesterol is just one of the factors that increase your risk for heart attack and stroke. Controlling other health problems, such as high blood pressure and diabetes, will also help reduce your overall risk.
     
     
     

  • 1

    Thanks

    Samantha Ling

    Dietitian, Nutritionist

    Samantha is an Accredited Practicing Dietitian (APD), consultant and food and nutrition enthusiast. Samantha works in a private practice on the Central Coast, NSW, Rostant … View Profile

    In order to reduce your cholesterol levels it may be beneficial to have a general understanding of cholesterol and the role it plays in your body. Generally, there are two types of cholesterol:

    1) Bad Cholesterol (aslo known as LDL-cholesterol) - which is responsible for depositing cholesterol in the walls of your arteries, increasing your risk of high blood pressure and a heart attack.
    2) Good Cholesterol (also known as HDL-cholesterol) - which helps to remove excess cholesterol in your bloodstream and arteries, essentially protecting you against heart disease.

    For these reasons, you want your bad cholesterol to be low and your good cholesterol to be as high as possible. When you had your blood test your doctor would have tested your total cholesterol and both the good and bad cholesterols. The higher your total cholesterol is, the more likely it is that the bad cholesterol is also high, therefore your risk of a heart attack is also increased.

    Lifestyle modification plays an important role in reducing cholesterol levels, such as:
    - Reducing your fat intake (particularly the bad fats known as saturated fat)
      * Swap to low fat dairy products (such as milk, yoghurt, cheese, etc)
      * As cheese is quite high in cholesterol, limit to 1-2 times a week'
      * Trim all visible fat off your meat and remove the skin on chicken
      * Choose lean meat varieties (NOT devon, sausages, frankfurts, salami, liverwurst etc)
      * Limit takeaway to 1-2 times a week
      * Swap butter for margarine
      * Limit the consumption of processed foods, such as biscuits, pastries, pies, sausage rolls, chips/crisps, chocolate etc

    - Increase ‘good fats’ (polyunsaturated and monounsaturated fats) which will help increase your good cholesterol levels
      * Enjoy fish, particularly oily fish such as salmon, tuna, mackeral, sardines etc which are high in good fats at least 2 times a week (alternatively fish oil tablets can be taken - you need 3000mg everyday to get the benefits, which is normally around 3x 1000mg capsules)
      * Use olive oil or canola oil in cooking instead of vegetable oils or butter
      * Try a handful of nuts as a snack instead of crisps etc
      * Look for a breakfast cereal with flaxseed/linseed

    - Increase your fibre intake (fibre competes with cholesterol for digestion)
      * Enjoy 2 serves of fruit everyday (1 serve = 1 apple,1  banana, 1 orange,1 pear, 2 kiwifruit
        etc)
      * Enjoy at least 5 serves of vegetables everyday (1 serve = 1 potato, 1/2 cup cooked
        vegetables, 1 cup salad etc)
      * Swap to wholegrain or wholemeal breads, cereals and pastas where possible
      * Enjoy Oats/Porridge in these colder months (full of beta-glucan which helps reduce
        cholesterol)

    - Increase physical activity (exercise) which will help increase the good cholesterol

    For more information on ways to reduce your cholesterol it may be worthwhile seeing an Accredited Practicing Dietitian. Good luck!

    Samantha Ling
    Rostant Nutrition
    (Find us on facebook @ www.facebook.com/RostantNutrition)

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