Although some people have no symptoms, most people diagnosed with type 1 diabetes have the following signs and symptoms of hyperglycemia (high blood sugar):
decreased mental sharpness
extreme thirst and hunger
feeling tired (fatigue)
frequent need to urinate
frequent skin infections
weight loss despite having an increased appetite
In some cases, emergency symptoms of very high blood sugar may develop. They include:
fruity-smelling breath (a sign of diabetic ketoacidosis)
loss of coordination
pain in the abdomen
It's absolutely critical to get immediate emergency medical attention if any of the above emergency symptoms develop. Make sure you get to a hospital right away.
There are short- and long-term complications associated with diabetes. Short-term problems are hypoglycaemia (low blood sugar) and hyperglycaemia (high blood sugar). Taking too much insulin, missing a meal, or over-exercising can make blood sugar go too low.
Symptoms of low blood sugar can come along very quickly, and they can include:
numbness of the tongue and lips
In contrast, symptoms of high blood sugar (such as thirst, increased urination, or blurred vision) usually come on slowly and can be brought on by circumstances such as taking too little insulin, eating too much food, or during stressful times or illness. A serious condition called ketoacidosis can occur when blood sugar is high and there is not enough insulin circulating in the body. Diabetic ketoacidosis mainly affects people with type 1 diabetes and can be very dangerous if left untreated.
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