Candidiasis is caused by the overgrowth of yeast-like fungi called Candida. Candida inhabits the vagina, mouth and digestive tract in small numbers and is normally harmless. When the balance of naturally occurring organisms is disrupted an overgrowth of Candida can occur. Thrush can develop as a result of the use of antibiotics, oral contraceptives or steroids. It is also more prevalent in those with diabetes, multiple sclerosis, a weakened immune system, a history of allergies or who are pregnant. Thrush does not appear to be sexually transmitted but is associated with some sexual practices (women receiving oral sex) Oral thrush is not usually regarded as serious and is usually responsive to treatment. However, it is important to note that oral thrush can occur in the presence of other conditions as mentioned and if that is the case then management can be more complex.
Women’s Health EducatorHealth Information Line, Women’s Health Queensland Wide Women living in Queensland can also call our Health Information Line - a free information and referral service for Queensland women - on 3839 9988 or 1800 017 676 (toll free outside Brisbane). Please note that all health information provided by Women’s Health Queensland Wide is subject to this disclaimer
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