The major catergories of eating disorders are the following:
Anorexia Nervosa is characterised by severe starvation and weight loss, sometimes with
purging behaviours as well. Anorexia sufferers experience high body distortion and mistakenly
believe and feel they are overweight, no matter how underweight they may actually be.
Bulimia Nervosa is characterised by recurrent binge eating episodes followed by compensatory
behaviours such as self induced vomiting, misuse of laxatives, diuretics, enemas and other
medications, fasting and overexercising. A binge episode involves consuming a large amount of food in a short period of time, whilst also experiencing a loss of control and intense feelings
BINGE EATING DISORDER
Binge Eating Disorder is characterised by periods of binge eating without compensatory
behaviours. Bingeing normally involves eating excessive amounts of food, often when not
hungry, followed by intense feelings of guilt, depression and shame. Bingeing often serves as a
distraction for someone to avoid thinking about underlying emotional difficulties. BED affects
men and women equally.
EATING DISORDER NOT OTHERWISE SPECIFIED (EDNOS)
EDNOS is a term used to describe an atypical presentation of an eating disorder that does not
meet all of the diagnostic criteria for anorexia, bulimia or binge eating disorder. This does not
mean in any way that someone experiencing an EDNOS is any less unwell or deserving of help.
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