What is rosacea?
Rosacea is a chronic (ongoing) inflammatory skin condition that usually affects the face. The condition first appears between the ages of 30 and 50 years. People of all skin colours and types can get rosacea, but it’s more common in people with fair skin4. It is characterized by persistent facial redness3, owing to enlargement of the small surface blood vessels (capillaries) of the skin. Additionally, the redness may be accompanied by small lumps and bumps which can often be confused with acne pimples. Rosacea and acne are two different conditions and it’s important you get an accurate diagnosis to enable you to get the right treatment.
In men, severe rosacea can cause the nose to become reddened and enlarged (rhinophyma).
The symptoms tend to worsen with advancing age. There is no permanent cure.
Types of rosacea
The rosacea signs can be used to roughly categorise the condition into 4 general types:
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- National Rosacea Society (NRS) 2015, May 28. National survey reveals that rosacea sufferers often hide behind cosmetics before treating the condition. Available at www.rosacea.org/press/national-survey-reveals-rosacea-sufferers-often-hide-behind-cosmetics-treating-condition (accessed 18 April 2017).
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