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    Why does my knee suddenly give way and now starting to feel painful?

    need to wear an elastic support to reduce the pain

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    Errol Lim

    Physiotherapist

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    Errol has been a physiotherapist since 1998. He has had a special interest in sports physiotherapy through his career having been a physiotherapist for local ... View Profile
    Unless you have had a ligament injury which has made the knee structurally unstable in the past, the main reason why people start to feel their knee giving way especially with instances of going down stairs and suddenly having to place weight through the leg, is weakening of the surrounding muscles around the knee. If you have suffered with some knee pain in the past, pain switches off muscles in the knee thus leading to further weakness. With age too, we lose muscle mass and hence strength. This loss of strength can then lead to little niggles which promote more weakness which then leads to more occurences of pain and more weakness yet again. This is a common spiral seen in the general population. Hence, it is vital to maintain overall leg muscle tone and strength in order to counter the affects of age and/or past injury.
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    Dr Adam Wild

    Chiropractor

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    I studied at Macquarie University completing both Bachelor and Master degree's. While there I was the Vice President of MUCSA (Macquarie University Chiropractic Students Association) ... View Profile
    Many injuries can cause instability of the knee, mainly meniscus damage and ligaments damage. It would be very wise to follow-up with a health professional to diagnose the problem and start to manage it.
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    Gina Mendoza

    Exercise Physiologist

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    Well, it could be completely towards posterior cruciate ligament. Sometimes that type of injury, you do not really even notice it until you are doing something like running down the stairs and the suddenly the knee will give way. Then it will be painful. It could be to do with instability of the joint capsule in some way. I would suspect if it is just giving away, and then there is pain afterwards, that would be the posterior cruciate ligament.

    Exercise physiologists are not allowed to diagnose so I would not be diagnosing that. I would be referring the client to seeking advice about that with the GP and then perhaps with a physiotherapist.
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    Antonia Radas

    Physiotherapist

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    I currently work at Penshurst Physiotherapy Centre and the University of Sydney. I am focused on developing a dual career path in both private practice ... View Profile
    There are many reasons why your knee may be giving way and beginning to feel painful, that is why a thorough history should be taken in order to get an idea if it is more of an acute injury or an injury of insidious onset. If for example you were playing soccer and twisted your knee during the game, you may have strained particular ligaments around the knee (MCL, LCL, ACL, and PCL) which are responsible for maintaining stability around the knee joint.

    If your knee instability and pain has come on gradually over time, it may be that you have patellar femoral pain syndrome which can be caused by many different factors (lower limb alignment, muscle imbalances, hip instability/weakness). Therefore, it is important to see a physiotherapist about the problem so they can do a thoroughly assessment and find out the main cause of the problem. They then will be able to give you self management techniques and specific exercises to address your knee instability and pain.
  • Image of Matt Lyons

    Matt Lyons

    Exercise Physiologist

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    Matt is the founder and director of Lyons Health Solutions, an allied health clinic based in the Ferny Hills and Samford regions. Prodiminately dealing with ... View Profile
    Can you give us more information on when/where you feel the pain/instability?

    What aggravates it? What makes it feel better?

    What type of exercise/sport do you do?

    As stated above it could be many different factors, from structural damage or biomechanical weakness. More information is needed so we can help!

    Matt
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